TheraLearn - A Therapeutic Approach for Learning
 
 
Speech and Language Milestones for
Pre-K through 5th grade
 
Q: What should my child be able to do at 3-4 years old?
 
A: HEARING AND UNDERSTANDING:
-Hears you when you call from another room.
-Hears television or radio at the same loudness level as other family members.
-Answers simple who, what, where, and why questions.
 
TALKING
-Talks about activities at school or at friends' homes.
-People outside of the family usually understand child's speech.
-Uses a lot of sentences that have 4 or more words.
-Usually talks easily without repeating syllables or words.
 
Source: ASHA
 
 
Q: What should my child be able to do at 4-5 years old?
 
A: HEARING AND UNDERSTANDING
-Pays attention to a short story and answers simple questions about it.
-Hears and understands most of what is said at home and in school.
 
TALKING
-Makes voice sounds clear like other children.
-Uses sentences that give lots of details (e.g. "I like to read my books").
-Tells stories that stick to topic.
-Communicates easily with other children and adults.
-Says most sounds correctly (except perhaps certain ones such as l, s, r, v, z, ch, sh, th).
-Uses the same grammar as the rest of the family.
 
Source: ASHA
 
 
Q: What should my child know by the end of kindergarten?
 
A: By the end of kindergarten, your child should be able to:
 
LISTENING
-Follow 1-2 simple directions in a sequence
-Listen to and understand age-appropriate stories read aloud
-Follow a simple conversation
 
SPEAKING
-Be understood by most people
-Answer simple "yes/no" questions
-Answer open-ended questions
-Retell a story or talk about an event
-Participate appropriately in conversations
-show interest in and start conversations
 
READING
-Know how a book works (e.g., read from left to right and top to bottom in English)
-Understand that spoken words are made up of sounds
-Identify words that rhyme (e.g., cat and hat)
-Compare and match words based on their sounds
-Understand that letters represent speech sounds and match sounds to letters
-Identify upper- and lowercase letters
-Recognize some words by sight
-"Read" a few picture books from memory
-Imitate reading by talking about pictures in a book
 
WRITING
-Print own first and last name
-Draw a picture that tells a story and label and write about the picture
-Write upper- and lowercase letters (may not be clearly written)
 
Source: ASHA
 
 
Q: What should my child know by the end of 1st grade?
 
A: LISTENING
-Remember information
-Respond to instructions
-Follow 2-3 step directions in a sequence
 
SPEAKING
-Be easily understood
-Answer more complex "yes/no" questions
-Tell and retell stories and events in a logical order
-Express ideas with a variety of complete sentences
-Use most parts of speech (grammar) correctly
-Ask and respond to "wh" questions (who, what, where, when, why)
-Stay on topic and take turns in conversation
-Give directions
-Start conversations
 
READING
-Create rhyming words
-Identify all sounds in short words
-Blend separate sounds to form words
-Match spoken words with print
-Know how a book works (e.g., read from left to right and top to bottom in English)
-Identify letters, words, and sentences
-Sound out words when reading
-Have a sight vocabulary of 100 common words
-Read grade-level material fluently
-Understand what is read
 
WRITING
-Express ideas through writing
-Print clearly
-Spell frequently used words correctly
-Begin each sentence with capital letters and use ending punctuation
-Write a variety of stories, journal entries, or letters/notes
 
Source: ASHA
 
 
Q: What should my child know by the end of 2nd grade?
 
A: LISTENING
-Remember information
-Respond to instructions
-Follow 2-3 step directions in a sequence
 
SPEAKING
-Be easily understood
-Answer more complex "yes/no" questions
-Tell and retell stories and events in a logical order
-Express ideas with a variety of complete sentences
-Use most parts of speech (grammar) correctly
-Ask and respond to "wh" questions (who, what, where, when, why)
-Stay on topic and take turns in conversation
-Give directions
-Start conversations
 
READING
-Create rhyming words
-Identify all sounds in short words
-Blend separate sounds to form words
-Match spoken words with print
-Know how a book works (e.g., read from left to right and top to bottom in English)
-Identify letters, words, and sentences
-Sound out words when reading
-Have a sight vocabulary of 100 common words
-Read grade-level material fluently
-Understand what is read
 
WRITING
-Express ideas through writing
-Print clearly
-Spell frequently used words correctly
-Begin each sentence with capital letters and use ending punctuation
-Write a variety of stories, journal entries, or letters/notes
 
Source: ASHA
 
 
Q: What should my child know by the end of 3rd grade?
 
A: LISTENING
-Listen attentively in group situations
-Understand grade-level material
 
SPEAKING
-Speak clearly with an appropriate voice
-Ask and respond to questions
-Participate in conversations and group discussions
-Use subject-related vocabulary
-Stay on topic, use appropriate eye contact, and take turns in conversation
-Summarize a story accurately
-Explain what has been learned
 
READING
-Demonstrate full mastery of basic phonics
-Use word analysis skills when reading
-Use clues from language content and structure to help understand what is read
-Predict and justify what will happen next in stories and compare and contrast stories
-Ask and answer questions regarding reading material
-Use acquired information to learn about new topics
-Read grade-level books fluently (fiction and nonfiction)
-Reread and correct errors when necessary
 
WRITING
-Plan, organize, revise, and edit
-Include details in writing
-Write stories, letters, simple explanations, and brief reports
-Spell simple words correctly, correct most spelling independently, and use a dictionary to correct spelling
-Write clearly in cursive
 
Source: ASHA
 
 
Q: What should my child know by the end of 4th grade?
 
A: LISTENING
-Listen to and understand information presented by others
-Form opinions based on evidence
-Listen for specific purposes
 
SPEAKING
-Use words appropriately in conversation
-Use language effectively for a variety of purposes
-Understand some figurative language (e.g., "the forest stretched across…")
-Participate in group discussions
-Give accurate directions to others
-Summarize and restate ideas
-Organize information for clarity
-Use subject area information and vocabulary (e.g., social studies) for learning
-Make effective oral presentations
 
READING
-Read for specific purposes
-Read grade-level books fluently
-Use previously learned information to understand new material
-Follow written directions
-Take brief notes
-Link information learned to different subjects
-Learn meanings of new words through knowledge of word origins, synonyms, and multiple meanings
-Use reference materials (e.g., dictionary)
-Explain the author’s purpose and writing style
-Read and understand a variety of types of literature, including fiction, nonfiction, historical fiction, and poetry
-Compare and contrast in content areas
-Make inferences from texts
-Paraphrase content, including the main idea and details
 
WRITING
-Write effective stories and explanations, including several paragraphs about the same topic
-Develop a plan for writing, including a beginning, middle, and end
-Organize writing to convey a central idea
-Edit final copies for grammar, punctuation, and spelling
 
Source: ASHA
 
 
Q: What should my child know by the end of 5th grade?
 
A: LISTENING
-Listen and draw conclusions in subject area learning activities
 
SPEAKING
-Make planned oral presentations appropriate to the audience
-Maintain eye contact and use gestures, facial expressions, and appropriate voice during group presentations
-Participate in class discussions across subject areas
-Summarize main points
-Report about information gathered in group activities
 
READING
-Read grade-level books fluently
-Learn meanings of unfamiliar words through knowledge of root words, prefixes, and suffixes
-Prioritize information according to the purpose of reading
-Read a variety of literary forms
-Describe development of character and plot
-Describe characteristics of poetry
-Analyze author’s language and style
-Use reference materials to support opinions
 
WRITING
-Write for a variety of purposes
-Use vocabulary effectively
-Vary sentence structure
-Revise writing for clarity
-Edit final copies
 
Source: ASHA
 
Did you know that most learning
in school involves some transmission
of meaning through language?
 
    Students must learn to listen, speak, read, and write in order to participate in the daily communication events that are age/grade appropriate. Students also use spoken and written language skills to learn in other subject areas including math, social studies, and science.
 
 
Speech and language skills are essential
to academic success and learning.
 
 
Reading, writing, listening, and speaking are all forms of language.  Learning takes place through the process of communication. 
 
About TheraLearn®
 
    Many children who are struggling academically are identified as being slow to learn, having a learning disability or a speech-language delay/disorder, while others have never been identified yet still are faced with learning challenges. 
 
Language is
the foundation for communication. 
 
Language is
the foundation for learning. 
 
Website Builder provided by  Vistaprint